Special thanks to Dr. Ron Browning, Dept. of Physiology, School of Medicine, Southern Illinois University (Carbondale), for his contribution to, and review of, this information.

Instructions: Click on the drug name for detailed information about that medication (e.g. description, dosage, side effects, warnings, etc.).

Please note: The information on this site is not intended to be a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a health/medical condition or medication.

Psychotherapeutics Agents

Anti-Anxiety/Anti-Panic Agents benzodiazepines Anti-Anxiety/Anti-Panic Agents miscellaneous Anti-Depressants selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors: SSRI’s Anti-Depressants miscellaneous Tricyclic Anti-Depressants TCA’s Anti-Psychotic Agents atypical (anti-psychotics with lower incidence of extrapyramidal “EPS” side effects) Anti-Psychotic Agents typical (not typically recommended for the brain injured individual without careful evaluation by psychiatry and neuropsychology due to high incidence of EPS)
  • Thorazine (chlorpromazine)
  • Haldol (haloperidol)
  • Cogentin (benztropine)* (NOTE: Cogentin is not an anti-psychotic agent, but is used in conjunction with them to reduce the incidence of EPS.)
Mood Stabilizers NOTE: all of these, except lithium are primarily marketed as anti-epileptic drugs, but are very effective as mood stabilizers especially to reduce mania Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Management SSRI’s Psychostimulants miscellaneous

Motor System

Anti-spasmodics systemic Anti-spasmodics non-systemic, local Dopaminergics Anti-Seizure/Anti-Convulsants hydantoin class benzodiazepine class Anti-Convulsants miscellaneous

Memory / Cognition (Cholinesterase Inhibitors)

Pain Management

Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs NSAID’s Anti-Migraine Drugs selective 5-HT receptor agonists Anti-Migraine atypical Non-Narcotic Analgesics Narcotic Class Analgesic Agents miscellaneous

Hypnotic / Sleep Agents

Atypical Hypnotic miscellaneous


  • Antabuse (disulfiram), an alcoholic deterrent.
  • Antivert (meclizine hydrochloride, a piperazine-derivative antihistamine), an antiemetic, antivertigo.
  • Wellbutrin (Bupropion), used as an anti-depressant and also used in smoking cessation (through it effects on dopamine system)

DISCLAIMER: Information in this section is intended only to assist the reader utilizing this website. It is not necessarily a definitive statement on the subject. The authors hereby disclaim any responsibility for liability, including but not limited to liability for negligence, which might arise due to any acts or omissions, directly or indirectly, on the part of the person utilizing this website. A person’s needs must be assessed on an individual basis, often in consultation with a qualified professional, utilizing procedures appropriate to the individual’s needs.


Brain Anatomy
Traumatic Brain Injury Overview
Texas Laws to Know
Brain Injury Litigation: Simplifying the Complexity
Featured Articles by Charlie Waters
Traumatic Brain Injury Resources